The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is a major stabilizing ligament in the knee, which may tear with overuse while playing sports. The ACL has poor ability to heal and may cause instability. Other common sports injuries in the knee include cartilage damage and meniscal tear. Knee injuries during sports may require surgical intervention, which can be performed using open surgical or a minimally invasive technique. Your surgeon will recommend physical therapy to strengthen your muscles and improve elasticity and movement of the bones and joints.
Severe pain in your shoulders while playing your favorite sport, such as tennis, basketball, and gymnastics, may be caused by a torn ligament or dislocation of the shoulder bone. This injury may result from overuse of your shoulder while playing sports. Pain or acute injuries may be treated with conservative treatment, while chronic injuries may require surgical treatment.
Fractures of the femur bone, labral tear, and hip dislocation are some of the common sports injuries affecting the hip. The hip joint bears more weight and is more susceptible to injuries while playing sports. Hip injuries require immediate medical intervention to avoid further complications. Rehabilitation programs and physical therapy is often recommended following medical intervention, where you need to perform specific exercises to strengthen your muscles and improve movements.
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The most common treatment recommended for injury is rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE).
Avoid activities that may cause injury.
Apply ice packs to the injured area, which will help reduce swelling and pain. Ice should be applied over a towel on the affected area for 15-20 minutes, four times a day, for several days. Never place ice directly over the skin.
Compression of the injured area also helps reduce swelling. Elastic wraps, air casts, and splints can accomplish this.
Elevate the injured part above your heart level to reduce swelling and pain.
INJURY PREVENTION TIPS:
- Follow an exercise program to strengthen the muscles.
- Gradually increase your exercise level and avoid overdoing the exercise.
- Ensure that you wear properly-fitted protective gear such as elbow guards, eye gear, facemasks, mouth guards and pads, comfortable clothes, and athletic shoes before playing any sports activity. These efforts will help reduce the chances of injury.
- Make sure that you follow warm-up and cool-down exercises before and after any sports activity. Exercises will help stretch muscles, increase flexibility, and reduce soft tissue injuries.
- Avoid exercising immediately after eating a large meal.
- Maintain a healthy diet, which will nourish the muscles.
- Avoid playing when you are injured or tired. Take a break for some time after playing.
- When participating in any game, always learn all of the rules.
- Ensure that you are physically fit to play the sport.